Previous IFPA-Fletcher Conferences

37th Annual IFPA-Fletcher Conference on
National Security and Policy
A New Maritime Strategy for Twenty-First-Century National Security

September 26-27, 2007
The Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center
Washington, D.C.

Conference Agenda

Day One – September 26, 2007

6:45 – 8:15 AM — Conference Registration and Informal Reception

8:15 – 8:30 AM — Conference Welcome and Introduction

Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr. , President, Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, and Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of International Security Studies, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Rear Admiral Jacob Shuford, USN, President, Naval War College

8:30 – 9:15 AM — Opening Keynote Address

Admiral Michael G. Mullen, USN, Chief of Naval Operations and the next Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

9:15 – 10:15 AM — Session 1: The Transformed 21st Century Security Setting

This session reviews key elements of the unpredictable security setting that now confronts the United States, noting how they may affect stability and security throughout the global maritime domain. This includes existing and emerging threats posed by state and non-state actors, together with the operational military requirements and mission priorities to which they give rise. Threats and challenges include terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery, cyber-warfare, piracy, failed states, and large-scale disasters. The existing and likely future strategic landscape is surveyed with a focus on key elements of U.S. maritime strategy.

Issue areas for presentations:

  • The security setting since 9/11 and threats to the maritime domain
  • Reconciling planning for irregular warfare and conventional operations
  • The Long War ground-force centric model vs. off-shore Global Strike operations
  • Deterring, persuading, and influencing potential regional adversaries
  • Impact on specific naval/maritime missions and operations


Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr., President, Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis

Panel Members

Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis, Executive Vice President, Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, and Member, CNO Executive Panel

Dr. Stephen E. Flynn, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow for National Security Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Dr. Robert G. Joseph, Senior Scholar, National Institute for Public Policy and former Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security

Mr. Robert D. Kaplan, Author and Contributor, The Atlantic Monthly

10:15 – 10:30 AM — Break

10:30 AM – 12:00 PM — Session 2: Globalization and the Maritime Strategy: Strategic Challenges

Globalization, i.e., the increasing economic, trade, social, technological, cultural, and political interdependence, integration, and interaction among nations, people, and corporations around the world, has produced three effects that drive maritime strategy: (1) the growing interdependency of world markets/economies; (2) increasing global competition for energy and energy sources; and (3) the spread of violent ideologies and security threats that place in jeopardy critical interests of the United States and its key allies and partners. The fact that most governments derive legitimacy from economic growth and stability, that a dominant portion of the world’s trade is shipped via oceanic routes (and associated port facilities), and that these vital sea-based transportation networks are increasingly vulnerable to disruption all point to the need for an updated, forward-looking maritime strategy that more effectively leverages U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard capabilities. These issues and their implications for U.S. national security in general and maritime security in particular are addressed.

Issue areas for presentations:

  • U.S. security considerations in a globalized world, including sea lane/port security
  • Energy security and infrastructure protection
  • Non-traditional security concerns (especially terrorist- and WMD-related)
  • Implications of above for maritime security missions across the spectrum of operations (e.g., forward presence and deterrence, sea-lane protection, counter-proliferation, disaster relief and humanitarian assistance, etc.)
  • Leveraging additional U.S. interagency and international frameworks to secure the global maritime commons


Dr. William C. Martel, Associate Professor of International Security Studies, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Panel Members

Lieutenant General Robert R. Blackman, Jr.,
USMC (Ret.)
, former Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command

Mr. Shawn J. Dilles, Chief, Functional Operations Group, Analysis & Production Directorate, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

Dr. Robert D. Hormats, Vice Chairman of Goldman Sachs (International)

Rear Admiral William P. Loeffler, USN, Deputy Director, U.S. Strategic Command Center for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction

Mr. Vayl S. Oxford, Director, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, Department of Homeland Security

Rear Admiral Kurt W. Tidd, USN, Director, Strategic Capabilities Policy, Directorate of Defense Policy and Strategy, National Security Council

12:15 – 1:45 PM — Luncheon and Address

Vice Admiral John G. Morgan, Jr., USN, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information, Plans and Strategy

2:00 – 3:45 PM — Session 3: Operational Challenges

Building on previous discussions, this session addresses issues such as force structure and modernization priorities, requirements for increased interoperability and connectivity, among existing assets as well as identifying and developing the new capabilities that will be needed to support emerging maritime strategy.

Issue areas for presentations:

  • Core maritime capabilities
  • Getting everyone on board: coordinating with the other military services and interagency actors
  • Developing new doctrine and operational concepts
  • Engaging the private sector
  • Exploiting net-centric communications capabilities
  • Funding the new force: budget priorities


Mr. Robert C. Rubel, Dean of Naval Warfare Studies, Naval War College

Panel Members

Mr. Stephen M. Carmel, Senior Vice President, Maritime Services, Maersk Line, Limited

Rear Admiral Dan W. Davenport, USN, Director, the Joint Innovation and Experimentation Directorate, U.S. Joint Forces Command

Lieutenant General Richard F. Natonski, USMC, Deputy Commandant for Plans, Policies and Operations

Rear Admiral Brian M. Salerno, USCG, Assistant Commandant for Policy and Planning

Rear Admiral Jacob Shuford, USN, President, Naval War College

3:45 – 4:00 PM — Break

4:00 – 5:45 PM — Session 4: Finding the Proper Operational Mix

This session addresses issues directly related to achieving a balanced configuration of maritime forces to cover the spectrum of likely contingencies set forth in previous sessions (e.g., marine and littoral combat platforms as well as capital ships for blue water operations and forward presence). This session also addresses maritime force structure requirements in an era in which we face state as well as non-state actors, including maritime requirements for combating terrorism.

Issue areas for presentations:

  • Maritime forces as the enabler of Jointness
  • Space and a New Maritime Strategy
  • Missile defense
  • Rationalizing force structure, reviewing acquisition priorities, and identifying resource needs.
  • Educational and training requirements for a New Maritime Strategy


Brigadier General Russell D. Howard, USA (Ret.), Director, Jebsen Center for Counter Terrorism Studies, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Panel Members

Lieutenant General James F. Amos, USMC, Deputy Commandant for Combat Development and Integration, and Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command

Mr. Seth Cropsey , Adjunct Fellow, the Hudson Institute, Senior Advisor for Maritime Strategy, Center for Naval Analyses, and former Deputy Undersecretary of the Navy

Vice Admiral J.D. Williams, USN (Ret.), Williams Associates International, Inc. and former Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Naval Warfare, and Commander, U.S. Sixth Fleet

Mr. Robert Work, Vice President, Strategic Studies, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments

6:00 – 7:00 PM — Reception

7:00 – 9:00 PM — Dinner and Keynote Address

Admiral Patrick M. Walsh, USN, Vice Chief of Naval Operations

Day Two – September 27, 2007

8:00 – 9:00 AM — Conference Registration and Informal Reception

9:00– 10:30 AM — Session 5:Combatant Command Perspectives on the New Maritime Strategy

This session examines emerging regional/theater priorities as viewed by the Combatant Commands (CoComs) and their implications for maritime strategy. The CoComs share their views on what the new strategy means for coordinating the activities of the various Component Commands under their jurisdiction in support of enhanced maritime security, with special attention to the U.S. naval component. Special emphasis is paid to cooperative arrangements and partnerships with allies and coalition partners, particularly as they relate to the global war on terror, maritime intercept operations (to include PSI activities), heightened intelligence sharing, missile defense collaboration, and other theater security cooperation (TSC) needs and efforts within the CoCom’s area of responsibility (AOR).

Issue areas for presentations:

  • Tensions between theater CoCom planning and global force posture considerations
  • Developing command and control and intelligence architectures to ensure seamless and persistent operations
  • The role of PSI in combating WMD and terrorism
  • Missile defense architectures and shared early warning (SEW)
  • Theater security cooperation and security assistance priorities, especially as they relate to the New Maritime Strategy


Dr. Jacquelyn K. Davis

Panel Members

Admiral Timothy J. Keating, USN, Commander, U.S. Pacific Command

General Gene Renuart, USAF, Commander, U.S. Northern Command

General Norton A. Schwartz, USAF, Commander, U.S. Transportation Command

Major General Glenn F. Spears, USAF, Deputy Commander, U.S. Southern Command

10:30 – 10:45 AM — Break

10:45 AM – 12:15 PM — Session 6: International Perspectives: Developing Global Maritime Partnerships

This session discusses the international dimensions of maritime strategy and the role to be played by U.S. allies and coalition partners. Representatives of key allies and partner countries share their perspectives on maritime strategy and options for enhanced cooperative relationships with the United States. This includes the prospects for, and approaches to, leveraging allied/partner capabilities, intelligence sharing and greater maritime domain awareness, missile defense cooperation, and support for multinational humanitarian/disaster relief operations. Panelists discuss lessons learned from recent collaborative activities and their potential application to the New Maritime Strategy. The panel also examines the role played by formal alliance organizations such as NATO and by more informal frameworks for cooperation (e.g., U.S.-Japan-ROK trilateral efforts, temporary coalitions of the willing, etc.).

Issue areas for presentations:

  • Allied perspectives on maritime strategy
  • Rationalizing capabilities and developing operational concepts with key U.S. partners, particularly the NATO allies
  • Rules of engagement and operational constraints on U.S.-allied planning
  • Forging a strategic partnership with rising powers, e.g., India
  • The U.S.-Japanese security planning partnership: opportunities for enhanced regional-orientated contingencies
  • Information sharing and technology transfer considerations and constraints
  • Deterrence and missile defense as aspects of allied reassurance and U.S. counter-proliferation strategy


Dr. Charles M. Perry, Vice President and Director of Studies, the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Inc.

Panel Members

Commodore Vincenzo E.B. Di Pietro, CSC, RAN, Naval Attaché and Assistant Defence Attaché, Embassy of Australia

Admiral Walter F. Doran, USN (ret), President, Raytheon Asia, Raytheon International

Rear Admiral Carlton Jewett, USN, Commander, Navy Warfare Development Command

Commodore Parasurama Naidu Murugesan, Naval Attaché, Embassy of India

Rear Admiral Kadir Sağdiç, Commander, Naval Training and Education Command, Republic of Turkey

Rear Admiral Philip Wilcocks, CB DSC, Chief of Staff (Capability), the United Kingdom

Rear Admiral Masanori Yoshida, JMSDF, Defense and Naval Attaché, Embassy of Japan

12:30 – 2:00 PM — Luncheon and Address

Admiral Thad W. Allen, USCG, Commandant, United States Coast Guard

2:15 – 4:00 PM — Session 7: Developing, Building, and Maintaining the Requisite Naval/Maritime Force Structure

Providing the maritime force structure presents a growing challenge as the U.S. naval research and development (R&D) community and the defense technology/industrial infrastructure face workload reductions and loss of expertise. This final session, therefore, focuses on constraints on the development and procurement of needed technologies and weapon systems, and on what can be done to ease or overcome them. Panelists from the U.S. government and from the private sector address the state of the U.S. R&D and manufacturing base as it relates to key naval and maritime platforms and supporting capabilities. In addition, industry panelists discuss the prospects for, and constraints upon, improved U.S.-allied industrial collaboration in the maritime sector. The session concludes with a discussion of what is needed to ensure that the U.S. (and allied) defense industrial base retains the capacity to design, produce, bring to market, and maintain over time naval and broader maritime forces sufficient to meet the challenges outlined in the new strategy.

Issue areas for presentations:

  • Sustaining a robust U.S. R&D and defense industrial base
  • Reconciling budget constraints with modernization needs
  • New approaches/concepts for ship building and aircraft design
  • Developing critical skills for naval personnel to meet 21 st century challenges
  • Opportunities and potential vulnerabilities of buying off-shore
  • Identifying and assigning priorities for essential mission capability sets
  • Promoting the vital security role of the private sector


Dr. Peter Dombrowski, Professor and Chair, Strategic Research Department, Center for Naval Warfare Studies, Naval War College

Panel Members

Mr. Wes Bush, President and Chief Operating Officer for Northrop Grumman Corporation

Dr. Lawrence J. Cavaiola, President, Cavaiola and Associates, LLC

Mr. Bran Ferren, Co-Chairman, Applied Minds, and Member, CNO Executive Panel

Rear Admiral William E. Landay III, USN, Chief of Naval Research

Mr. John O’Neill, Executive Vice President, Maritime Systems and Sensors, Lockheed Martin Corporation

Mr. Daniel L. Smith, President, Integrated Defense Systems, the Raytheon Company

4:00 - 4:15 PM — Closing Remarks

Dr. Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr.
Rear Admiral Jacob Shuford, USN